Saudi Arabia’s maritime sector is gearing up to make the Kingdom a regional logistics hub and drive forward economic diversification and job opportunities, participants at the Saudi Maritime Congress in Riyadh heard.
“This event takes place at a time of significant change within the kingdom’s logistic and maritime infrastructure. The Saudi Maritime Congress highlights major projects and strategic opportunities that will solidify the Kingdom’s position as a global maritime and logistics hub, and will undoubtedly further our aim of attracting strategic investments and viable ventures into [Saudi Arabia] by highlighting our objectives over the short, medium and long terms,” Eng. Saad Bin Abdulaziz Alkhalb, president, Saudi Ports Authority (Mawani), said.
Saudi Arabia is the key player in the Red Sea, which has recently seen a scramble to develop maritime assets as the importance of its strategic location on the section of the world’s shipping trunk route between Colombo and Suez increases in significance to global shipping lines.
“Saudi Arabia’s maritime sector is set to receive a much-needed boost, with the generous allocation of $8.8 billion to the energy, mining and logistics sectors in the government’s recently announced budget for 2019,” said Princess Sarah Al Saud, director of maritime business development, Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport. “In fact, the country is on an aggressive diversification path, with substantial government spending expected to catalyze Vision 2030 goals and drive sustainable growth and development.”
“Port development is moving ahead, with projects at Dammam and King Abdullah Economic City launched in the last five years to boost the Kingdom’s import, export and transhipment potential. Four years on that forecast has been overwhelmingly fulfilled in the Saudi Vision 2030 program. The world is watching with admiration the unfolding of a strategy that will position the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia as a global hub, delivering connectivity between Asia, Europe and Africa.
“In 2014, there were 17 countries represented at this event. This year we have 36 countries, the exhibition booth area has doubled in size, and we are expecting more than twice as many attendees. I would like to express our sincere thanks to Dr. Nabil Al Amudi, the minister of transport for attending and for delivering the keynote address. I would also like to thank our patron MAWANI, and its president Eng. Saad and our strategic partner, Bahri, and their CEO Eng. Abdullah Aldubaikhi, for their great support and participation in this event.”
The opening of the congress was led with a high-level keynote session ‘At the Heart: The Powerhouse, The Hub’, which explored the growing contribution from the private sector to the national economy and foreign direct investment opportunities in the Kingdom. The panelists also discussed the further integration of Saudi Arabia into the regional and global economies as a global logistics hub connecting three continents.
One of the largest projects recently undertaken in the sector is the King Salman International Complex for Maritime Industries and Services, a joint venture of Saudi Aramco, Bahri (National Shipping Company of Saudi Arabia), Hyundai Heavy Industries, and Lamprell. A report published in 2018 by leading Saudi investment bank, Jadwa Investments, said completion of the complex was expected in 2022.
According to Saudi Aramco, the entire project is designed to contribute around SAR 64 billion (USD 17 billion) to the kingdom’s GDP, boost import substitution for maritime products and services by around SR 45 billion, and create more than 80,000 direct and indirect jobs by 2030. The integrated maritime yard is expected to be the largest in the region, in terms of both production capacity and scale.
Conference organizer Seatrade has become a key catalyst for maritime development in the GCC region, structuring events of particular significance in the United Arab Emirates as well as Saudi Arabia, and boosting the viability of the container, tanker, bulk and offshore segments.
“At the first Saudi Maritime Congress, which was held in Dammam in 2014, and some of you here I believe attended that event, the message was pretty clear. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was committed to the development of the maritime and logistics sector, and indeed the maritime industry across the board,” Chris Hayman, chairman Seatrade, told the Congress’ opening session.
“Four years on, that forecast has been overwhelmingly fulfilled in the Saudi Vision 2030 program. The world is watching in admiration the unfolding of a strategy that will position the kingdom of Saudi Arabia as a global hub, delivering connectivity between Asia, Europe, and Africa, increasingly.”
Bahri’s CEO Aldubaikhi dwelt on recent adverse trade and regulatory developments that have made the life of shipowners more difficult.
“The trade war between China and the US has a negative effect on the shipping business, in addition to the different regulations imposed recently by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), regarding sulfur emissions. The call to reduce sulfur content in bunker fuel from 3.5 percent to 0.5 percent by 2020 has made shipowners confused. The question now facing the industry is: will sufficient fuel be available to the industry, and how much will it cost?”
Employment opportunities for Saudis are a key goal of the Kingdom’s maritime sector. “Bahri has implemented several programs for aspiring local talents designed to open doors to promising career opportunities within the shipping industry and is playing an active role in the Kingdom’s Saudization drive,” said Aldubaikhi.
According to Rayan Qutub, CEO of King Abdullah Port, the inauguration of the port by Crown Prince Muhammad Bin Salman earlier this month, had led to a number of agreements, including the launch of petrochemicals exports from the facility. Expansion of container capacity at the facility to 7 million TEU is now expected, as is the commencement of drilling of the northern basin, paving the way for a capacity of 10 million TEU.
Al Amudi said that Saudi Arabia was concentrating on improving efficiencies in the maritime sector and that a priority would be the improvement of landside infrastructure, especially rail, in order to improve the logistics performance.
“We have witnessed a major transformation in the effort to develop the maritime sector, as well as exceeding difficulties. And now, for the time being, we are going to reap the fruits of the efforts made by all these entities to drive the industry forward,” he said.
The third Saudi Maritime Congress will be held in Dammam in March 2020.